Teaching K-5 Students to Write for Different Purposes
Learning how to write well for different purposes and audiences is important not only for success in school, but also for career, college, and beyond.
Under the heading of Text Types and Purposes, the Common Core’s College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Writing identify three broad categories of writing in which students are expected to be proficient:
- Arguments using reasoning and evidence
- Informative and explanatory texts
- Narratives about real or imagined experiences
Teachers can help students become effective writers across genres by providing opportunities to practice the writing process for various contexts and purposes and by scaffolding their emerging skills.
The IES practice guide, Teaching Elementary School Students to Be Effective Writers, details research-based instructional practices for teaching writing. This collection includes videos and resources exploring how teachers can implement the recommended practices as they teach students to use writing to describe, narrate, inform, persuade, and analyze.